led to the emergence of poor mining and environmental practices with some authorities responding by imposing moratoria or bans on bauxite mining and shipping To address such unsustainable practices a coalition of global and national aluminium associations and companies have developed these Guidelines Jamaica has a more diverse range of minerals than many of the islands in the Caribbean Limestone is Jamaica's most abundant mineral other minerals include alumina bauxite and mineral fuels gypsum marble gold clay salt sand and gravel marl and silica sand

Mining and Refining

At one of the disposal sites in Jamaica the bauxite residue had been deposited in depressions left after bauxite mining When deposited the residue had a solids content of approximately 20% but it was discharged in a way that in most cases when full and aged no residual pond water remained resulting in a relatively dry surface with a pH of about 11

After the first shipment of bauxite from Jamaica in 1952 production increased rapidly and by 1957 Jamaica had become the leading bauxite producer in the world with a production capacity of nearly 5 million tonnes of bauxite per year almost a quarter of all the bauxite mined in the world in Get Price ENVIRONMENT-JAMAICA Bauxite Mining

relevant research concerning environmental and occupational health impact of bauxite mining was identified by searching on Ovid Medline and PubMed In order to ensure that relevant studies were not missed the search terms remained broad Using PubMed keywords such as "bauxite" "health

Based in Pittsburgh and controlled by the Mellon and Davis families its interests include bauxite mining in Jamaica Surinam the Dominican Republic Australia Guinea and Brazil as well as the U S Alcoa cut its dependence on Caribbean bauxite from 84 percent in 1972 to 38 percent in 1975 Its smelters are located in the U S Australia

Zadie Neufville KINGSTON Apr 6 2001 (IPS) - A land use and forest cover study to determine the rate of deforestation and to kick-start a forestry conservation programme here has revealed that bauxite mining is the single largest contributor to deforestation in Jamaica In 50 years of operation the industry has stripped 5 099 hectares land of trees including some 3 218

Bauxite tailings

Bauxite tailings also known as bauxite residue red mud red sludge or alumina refinery residues (ARR) is a highly alkaline waste product composed mainly of iron oxide that is generated in the industrial production of alumina (aluminium oxide the principal raw material used in the manufacture of aluminium metal and also widely used in the manufacture of ceramics

Jamaica's Cockpit Country is still under threat from bauxite mining which would remove forest cover block and pollute waterways displace residents threaten agricultural livelihoods compromise air quality and threaten the health and well-being of thousands of Jamaican citizens

WESTERN BUREAU: Residents of Stewart Town and surrounding communities in Trelawny remain resolute in their objection to mining in the section of the Cockpit Country known as Special Mining Lease (SML) 173 which is being targeted by Noranda Bauxite Jamaica

Bauxite Mining and Processing in Jamaica AN OVERVIEW The Bauxite-Alumina Industry has been a powerful actor on the environmental social and economic scene in Jamaica since the early 1950s Impacts of mining and pro cessing on environmental quality have been evident both in the long and short term The landscape has been damaged

Letter from NJCA to NRCA regarding bauxite mining in the Cockpit Country [PDF (Acrobat Reader)] Maroons prepared to die for Cockpit says Colonel Peddie [Jamaica Observer Jan 4/07] Bauxite Mining Threatens Unique Jamaican Wildlife - Birdlife Org Bauxite Mining Poses Major Threat to Cockpit Country Wildlife and Watershed - Jamaica Environment

Bauxite behemoths: the world's biggest bauxite producers Share The top ten bauxite producing countries account for about 95% of the global bauxite output Mining-technology profiles the ten biggest bauxite producers based on the latest production data Praveen 26 May 2014 Australia is the world's biggest bauxite producer Image courtesy of Werner

Since then Jamaica has remained in the top 6 producers globally However its geology provides an opportunity for ore deposits other than bauxite including copper (Cu) gold (Au) zinc/lead (Zn/Pb) platinum group elements (PGE) chromium (Cr) nickel (Ni) and cobalt (Co) In this article we review Jamaica's geology and its metallogeny

01/08/2019by Zadie Neufville REPRINT: The following was published by Interpress Service on April 6 2001 (IPS) - A land use and forest cover study to determine the rate of deforestation and to kick-start a forestry conservation programme here has revealed that bauxite mining is the single largest contributor to deforestation in Jamaica In 50 years

Aluminium Ore Bauxite in Africa

Africa leading the Way with Bauxite Production Bauxite is an aluminium ore It is known for being the main source of aluminium in the world Bauxite was first discovered by a French geologist called Pierre Bertheir in 1821 in Provence in the South of France in Les Baux village

Bauxite Mining Equipments Used In Jamaica Equipment used in bauxite mining process crusher as you never seen before equipments used in bauxite mining in jamaica whisky review read more red mudwikipedia production red mud is a side-product of the bayer process the principal means of refining bauxite en route to alumina Get Price

Jamaica Bauxite Mining Limited (JBM) is a Government-owned Company (a Public body) with a business enterprise mandate JBM was incorporated on February 13 1975 The Company holds 51% equity on behalf of the Government of Jamaica in the bauxite operations of its current partners New Day Aluminium (Jamaica) Limited

Most of Jamaica's bauxite is red or reddish-brown a peculiarity which indicates the occurrence of iron mineral in the ore There is no overburden covering the bauxite as is the case in many other countries The ore lies on the surface and is relatively easy to mine The mining laws of Jamaica require the mining

Letter from NJCA to NRCA regarding bauxite mining in the Cockpit Country [PDF (Acrobat Reader)] Maroons prepared to die for Cockpit says Colonel Peddie [Jamaica Observer Jan 4/07] Bauxite Mining Threatens Unique Jamaican Wildlife - Birdlife Org Bauxite Mining Poses Major Threat to Cockpit Country Wildlife and Watershed - Jamaica Environment

Jamaica A fourth mining company Alcoa started as a bauxite mining venture in 1959 and exported its first shipment of unprocessed bauxite from the Rocky Point port in Clarendon in 1963 The company began alumina production at a new refinery in Halse Hall Clarendon in 1972 with a production capacity of 500 000 metric tonnes per year

Apart from bauxite mining or alumina processing two of the companies by virtue of the large acreages of land under their control their genuine interest in farming and their ability to make money became two of the biggest agricultural operations in the country Reynolds mainly in beef cattle (mainly Santa Gertrudis) and Alcan (mixed beef dairy and crops)

- Mineral rich in aluminum oxide - Usually found the the tropics -Formed over million of years by the chemical weathering of rocks that contain aluminum silicates - Mining this mineral usually involves clearing the land of all trees and vegetation etc -Alumina is extracted from

The Jamaica Bauxite Institute (JBI) a Government agency is charged with overseeing the development of the industry and as such standards fall under its purview In 1990 the JBI established an Environmental Technical Committee comprising members from the bauxite/alumina companies and the government agencies responsible for environmental