Child labour in mining is most commonly found in artisanal and small-scale mines (ASM) Even if produced in small quantities at a mine site cumulatively the quantity of minerals coming from ASM is significant: ASM accounts for about 20 per cent of global gold supply 80 per cent of global sapphire supply and 20 per cent of global diamond supply 26 per cent of global tantalum This year's World Day Against Child Labour focused the world's attention on the plight of child labourers in small-scale mines and quarries The ILO estimates that about one million children aged 5 to 17 are engaged in small-scale mining and quarrying activities worldwide These children toil under dangerous conditions and go without access to schools health clinics and other

Artisanal Small

Adopt legal provisions on small scale and artisanal mines including attention to working conditions and child labour that effectively prevent child labour in gold mines under 18 and provides decent working conditions for adults Investigate the number and working conditions of children participating in mining and activities related to mining

Dakete Small-Scale Mining Co was one of the mines which participated in this project The main goal was to improve the livelihoods of people in and around the artisanal gold mining area of Tarkwa in Ghana This included ensuring safer and more responsible working practices of ASM miners obtaining a visible place in the gold supply chain for mine workers and a better

Artisanal gold mining is labour intensive It encompasses artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) activities usually relying on local labour and rudimentary tools Industrial mines are modern high-tech enterprises relying on international capital and overwhelmingly foreign workers Gold mining in Burkina Faso: Traditional versus modern

small-scale mining operations have capped production levels and are designated by the Minister whereas artisanal mining is defined as non-mechanised mineral extraction activities carried out by either individuals or groups A similar distinction exists in Brazil where a

options for German gold refiners with regards to artisanal and small-scale mining gold To this end the report explores different criteria such as the current gold production through artisanal and small-scale mining logistical supply chain requirements as well as relevant international due diligence and sustainability standards

Artisanal and Small

Gold Mining Sluice at use in gold recovery (Burkina Faso) Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) happens in almost all mineral active African countries Gold is mined in two ways one on hard rocks where gold found embedded in quartz vein is extracted using simple tools Mined ore is then crushed either manually using a hammer or by a

Bayi is a MWAMBA advocate helping us to pass a no child-labour no-mercury agreement with Ngeza town council In return Mwamba has agreed to process all of the Ngeza miners' ore more stories Artisanal and small-scale gold mining is the world's largest source of mercury pollution the mercury problem 15 million+ miners number of small scale gold miners in over 70

Artisanal and Small Scale Mining (ASM) is one of the oldest forms of income generation in mineral rich developing countries Traditionally identified as low capital-high labour intensive and employing rudimentary equipment and mining techniques ASM is most significantly distinguished from industrial mining by poor safety health and environment conditions as well as low levels

Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining occurs in approximately 80 countries worldwide There are approximately 100 million artisanal miners globally Artisanal and small-scale production supply accounts for 80% of global sapphire 20% of gold mining and up to 20% of diamond mining It is widespread in developing countries in Africa Asia Oceania

02 09 2015Artisanal and small-scale gold miners are confronted with numerous hazards often resulting in varying degrees of injuries and fatalities In Ghana like many developing countries there is paucity of information on the causes and nature of the accidents that result in the injuries

To date Solidaridad's Gold Programme has supported over 7 500 small-scale miners and 40 000 community members in eight countries making it one of the largest programmes of its kind Solidaridad was one of the earliest proponents of responsible formal small-scale mining as a path to development for rural communities Use the interactive map

ILO (1999) (N Jennings): Social and labour issues in small-scale mines Report for discussion at the Tripartite Meeting on Social and Labour Issues in Small-scale Mines Geneva MMSD (2003) (T Hentschel F Hruschka M Priester): Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining - Challenges and Opportunities London

Forced and child labour is reported in the mining of stones and minerals used in jewellery Child labour is common in the small-scale or artisanal mining of precious metals like gold and silver and precious gemstones such as diamonds rubies sapphires and jade Artisanal miners are not employed by a mining

Gender Dimensions of Artisanal and Small

Gender Dimensions of Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining: A Rapid Assessment Toolkit v Preface A rtisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) is a global reality It represents a long-standing and important livelihood for more than 100 million men and women around the wold In some places communities have prac-

Gender inequality is an inevitable concomitant of the innate poverty in humanity a situation to which the Ghanaian society is no exception This paper explores the underlying elements of gender inequality pertinent to women in the small-scale gold

ARTISANAL AND SMALL-SCALE GOLD MINING AND HEALTH 2 1 1 SCOPE AND PURPOSE An early version of this report served as a background document for a WHO technical consultation on artisanal and small-scale gold mining and health which took place on 1-2 October 2014 in Geneva Switzerland The overarching goals of this meeting were to:

In many developing countries artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) is largely a poverty-driven activity which plays an important economic role It is estimated that in the order of 13 million people in about 30 countries are directly engaged in small-scale mining a significant proportion of whom are women and children A further 80 to 100

this thesis the term "small-scale mining" includes artisanal mining as defined above 9 1 1 2!Small-Scale Gold Mining and the Philippine Economy For a better understanding of the general direction of the policies statutes and programmes of the Philippine government on the matter of child labour particularly under hazardous

ARTISANAL AND SMALL-SCALE MINING CHAPTER 13 MMSD THE MINING MINERALS AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PROJECT 315 building and the provision of immediate incentives These may come in the form of tangible economic or health benefits or alternative livelihood opportunities

2011 p 501) Years later mining/farming linkages continue to shape rural labour trajectories and are in need of rigorous scrutiny Smallholder farming and small-scale mining are now two of the pillars of Zimbabwe's economy Although illegal under Zimbabwe's colonial era mining laws which still structure present-day mining

Small-scale Mining and Sustainable Development within the SADC Region 7 gold-panning just as they would have to do as well in small-scale agriculture to full-time slave-like employment Mostly children are not directly involved in mining (digging) itself but in activities like transport of water minerals processing and gold panning Legality

Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) is inherently risky but little is known about mining-associated hazards and injuries despite the tremendous growth worldwide of ASGM and the benefits it offers The current study aimed to characterize the

Child labor and mercury exposure in Tanzania's small-scale gold mines Note August 2013--Table of contents page This report was researched and written by Janine Morna a research fellow in the Children's Rights Division Juliane Kippenberg senior researcher in the Children's Rights Division wrote the section on The Responsibility of Gold

for mining apply to both small scale artisanal and big mines Having one shoe fits all principle cripples the operation of the small scale mining sector as there are a lot of challenges faced from capital equipment labour mine regularization etc as all these are self-funded with no access to loans

Gender inequality is an inevitable concomitant of the innate poverty in humanity a situation to which the Ghanaian society is no exception This paper explores the underlying elements of gender inequality pertinent to women in the small-scale gold